Knee & Lower Leg

  Knee & Lower Leg

Shin Splints, MTSS & Stress Fracture

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (MTSS) or commonly known as shin splints, is an inflammatory reaction caused by the excessive pulling of the anterior shin muscles and tendons as they attach to the underlying shin bone.

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Sinding-Larson & Osgood-Schlatter

Sinding-Larson and Osgood-Schlatter are two conditions which affect the bony growth plates found in the knee. Sinding-Larson primarily affects the growth plate at the bottom of the kneecap where as Osgood-Schlatter affects the growth plate in the upper anterior surface of the tibia (tibial tuberosity).

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Muscle tear & strain (calf)

The calf is the general name given to the two muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) which are found in the back of the lower leg and together form into the Achilles tendon.

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Patellar Tendinitis & Bursitis (Jumpers Knee)

The patellar tendon is located just below the kneecap and runs from the patella down to the upper anterior surface of the tibia. The quadriceps muscle and the patellar tendon both work together to produce movement at the knee.

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Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome (ITB Syndrome, Runners Knee)

This syndrome is an overuse injury which is the result of friction/rubbing of the iliotibial band (ITB) up against the underlying lateral epicondyle of the femur.

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Ligament Injuries

A ligament is the fibrous tissue that connects bones to other bones and provides support to joints. The knee is a hinge joint which has a number of ligaments that are essential in maintaining the stability within and around the knee.

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Meniscal Injuries & tears

Mensical injuries are a result of any damage to either of the two C-shaped cartilages which separate the bones in the knee joint.

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PFPS, Chondromalacia Patella, Patellofemoral Tracking Issues

Patellofemoral injuries are described as any condition that produces pain between the kneecap and the underlying thigh bone.

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