A scoliosis is defined as a disorder involving lateral bending and/or rotation of the vertebral bodies of the spine. They usually range from between 10 and 50 degrees of side bending, with less than 7 degrees an incidental finding. It is more common in females than males and the peak age is 10-18. A family history of scoliosis is also very common There are many causes of scoliosis including:

  • Compensatory – due to leg length inequalities
  • Postural – muscular imbalances, handedness
  • Congenital disorders
  • Post surgery/trauma
  • General structural

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Progressively worsening pain
  • Rib humping on one side of the spine
  • One shoulder sitting higher than the other
  • Pain worse with exercise
  • Tiredness/stiffness in the back

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